Pajamas or pyjamas, typically shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can seek advice from quite a few associated forms of garments originating with the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are unfastened-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn chiefly for sleeping, but occasionally also for lounging, also by equally sexes.[three] Additional generally, pajamas might consult with many clothes, for both equally daywear and nightwear, derived from common pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The first pyjāmā are unfastened, light-weight trousers equipped with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans through East India Enterprise rule in India.[seven][eight]
The all over the world usage of pajamas (the phrase plus the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India inside the 18th and 19th hundreds of years, as well as the British influence on the wider Western globe throughout the Victorian era. Pajamas were released to England as "lounging apparel" as early since the seventeenth century, then generally known as mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) However they quickly fell out of fashion. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men till the Victorian period, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Words and phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the condition of usage at the time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This kind of garment is utilized by different persons in India e.g. by women of assorted courses, by Sikh Guys, and most by Mohammedans of both equally sexes. It had been adopted from your Mohammedans by Europeans as an short article of dishabille and of evening pidzame attire, and is particularly synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is possible that we English took the routine just like a great lots of Some others through the Portuguese. Therefore Pyrard (c. 1610) suggests, in Talking of Goa Hospital: "Ils ont drive calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The phrase is now Utilized in London shops. An acquaintance furnishes the next reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Avenue, some on forty many years back, in reply to an issue why pyjammas experienced ft sewn on to them (as was sometimes the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Regular pajamas include a jacket-and-trousers mixture product of comfortable cloth, for example flannel or lightweight cotton. The jacket pidzame element normally features a placket entrance and its sleeves haven't any cuffs. Many of us choose to slumber or lounge in just the pajama trousers, either by using a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For this reason, pajama pants for guys and boys tend to be bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these conventional pajamas will often be referred to as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally known as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas characteristic a fall seat (also referred to as a lure doorway or butt flap): a buttoned opening within the seat, built to allow the wearer to conveniently make use of a rest room. Fall seats had been quite common on pajamas built before the nineteen fifties, but during the early twenty-1st century They are really instead exceptional.
Modern pajamas are derived from classic pajamas. There are many versions in type which include brief sleeve pajamas, pajama bottoms[fifteen] of different length, or, from time to time, just one-piece pajamas,[seventeen] and pajamas incorporating numerous components. Mainly from the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Commonly worn by small children, these clothes frequently have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if a single-piece), and may additionally be footed.
Whilst pajamas are usually distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping garments like nightgowns, inside the US, they've got from time to time bundled the latter as a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of limited gown prime about shorts or small trousers.[eighteen]
Pajamas may well now check with women's combination daywear, especially in the US exactly where they became well-liked inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, beach pajamas, and hostess pajamas.