Pajamas or pyjamas, usually shortened to PJs, jimmies, jimjams, jimmyjams or jammies, can consult with many similar kinds of clothes originating through the Indian subcontinent. Pajamas are free-fitting clothes derived from the first garment and worn mainly for sleeping,[one] but in some cases also for lounging, also by each sexes. A lot more normally, pajamas may possibly seek advice from various clothes, for both of those daywear and nightwear, derived from traditional pajamas and involving variations of style and material.
The term pyjama [four] was borrowed c. 1800 within the Hindustani pāy-jāma (پاجامہ, पाजामा), alone borrowed from Persian pāy-jāmeh پايجامه lit. 'leg-garment'.[five][six] The initial pyjāmā are free, lightweight trousers fitted with drawstring waistbands worn by Muslims in India and adopted by Europeans for the duration of East India Corporation rule in India.[seven][eight]
The around the world utilization of pajamas (the phrase as well as the garment) is the result of adoption by British colonists in India within the 18th and 19th centuries, and also the British impact on the broader Western earth over the Victorian period. Pajamas had been introduced to England as "lounging attire" as early given that the seventeenth century, then often called mogul's breeches (Beaumont and Fletcher) Nonetheless they shortly fell from style. The word pajama (as pai jamahs, Paee-jams and variants) is recorded in English use in the first 50 % of your nineteenth century. They didn't become a fashion in Britain and the Western environment as sleeping apparel for men until the Victorian interval, from about 1870.[nine]
Hobson-Jobson: A Glossary of Colloquial Anglo-Indian Phrases and Phrases (1886) summarizes the state of use at enough time (s.v. "pyjammas"):
This type of garment is used by many folks in India e.g. by Girls of varied classes, by Sikh Adult males, and many by Mohammedans of each sexes. It absolutely was adopted with the Mohammedans by Europeans as an article of dishabille and of night time attire, and is synonymous with Very long Drawers, Shulwaurs, and Mogul-Breeches [...] It truly is probable that we English took the pattern just like a great lots of Some others from your Portuguese. Thus Pyrard (c. 1610) claims, in speaking of Goa Healthcare facility: "Ils ont power calsons sans quoy ne couchent iamais les Portugais des Indes" [...] The word is currently used in London stores. A pal furnishes the subsequent reminiscence: "The late Mr. B—, tailor in Jermyn Road, some on forty several years ago, in reply to an issue why pyjammas had ft sewn on to them (as was occasionally the situation with These furnished by London outfitters) answered: "I think, Sir, it really is because of the White Ants."[ten]
Classic pajamas consist of a jacket-and-trousers combination fabricated from gentle material, such as flannel or light-weight cotton.[eleven] The jacket factor usually incorporates a placket front and its sleeves don't have any cuffs.[twelve] A lot of people decide to rest or lounge in only the pajama pants, both which has a t-shirt, or, for males, barechested. For that reason, pajama trousers for men and boys are sometimes bought as separates.
In colloquial speech, these standard pajamas in many cases are known as PJs, jim jams, or jammies.[thirteen] In South Asia and South Africa, they are occasionally referred to as evening satisfies.
Some pajamas feature a drop seat (generally known as a trap door or butt flap): a buttoned opening during the seat, made to enable the wearer to conveniently utilize a toilet. Drop seats ended up quite common on pajamas produced prior to the fifties, but in the early twenty-1st century They are really instead unusual.
Contemporary pajamas are derived from standard pajamas. There are plenty of variations in fashion for example shorter sleeve pajamas,[fourteen] pajama bottoms of varying size, or, now and again, one-piece pajamas, and pajamas incorporating different resources. Mainly during the US, extend-knit sleep apparel with rib-knit trimmings are frequent. Normally worn by little ones, these clothes normally have pullover tops (if two-piece) or have zippers down the fronts (if one-piece), and might also be footed.
Though pajamas are frequently distinguished from non-bifurcated sleeping clothes for instance nightgowns, from the US, they may have More sometimes included the latter as being a leading. Babydoll pyjamas Possess a sort of quick gown best in excess of shorts or limited pants.
Pajamas could right now confer with Girls's blend daywear, particularly in the US the place they grew to become well-known inside the early twentieth century, consisting of quick-sleeved or sleeveless blouses and lightweight pants. Examples of these include capri pajamas, Beach front pajamas, and hostess pajamas.